St.Petersburg is definitely the most beautiful city of Russia and one of the most splendid in Europe. All year round, the unsurpassed beauty of St.Petersburg's architectural wonders, as well as the magic spirit of the city, attracts people from all over the world. St Petersburg has been called the "City of White Nights", "Northern Venice", Northern Palmira". It was founded by Peter the Great in 1703 and celebrated its 300th anniversary in the year 2003. Even though the city is relatively young according to European and Russian standards it still has rich and fascinating history.
Where before there had only been woods and swamps, rose the great city of Saint Petersburg. It?s became a monument to modernity, a window open to the new times.
The city changed its name three times: St.Petersburg (1703-1914), Petrograd (1914-1924), Leningrad (1924-1991). In 1991 the original name of "St.Petersburg" returned to the city.
For 200 years St.Petersburg was the capital of Russia. Today, St.Petersburg is one of the largest cultural and scientific centers in the world. There are aprroximately 120 museums, 40 theatres and 50 universities.
The city is situated on 42 islands on the Neva River's delta. There are more than 500 bridges in St.Petersburg, some of them are considered to be quite unique architectural constructions of amazing beauty. A familiar view of St. Petersburg is a drawbridge across the Neva. The city is especially beautiful during the magical White Nights, which starts in the beginning of June and lasts up to the middle of July.
The population of St.Petersburg is about 5 million people and is the second largest city in Russia after Moscow.
World-known architects, sculptors and artists were invited here to create the city's unique appearance. St.Petersburg has been called "A Museum in the Open Air". Its architecture is magnificent. The broad wonderful squares, wide avenues, including the main street - Nevsky Prospekt, the canals, the rich palaces of Russian aristocrats, the majestic cathedrals and administrative buildings rose up to create one of the most wonderful and romantic cities in the world.. The architectural treasures of St.Petersburg were created to the design of such and outstanding architects such as Trezzini, Rastrelli, Montferrand, Rossi, Quarengi, Shtakenshnaider and many others make St Petersburg one of the most beautiful cities of Europe.
The Peter and Paul Fortress, the Hermitage and Winter Palace, St.Isaac's and Kazan Cathedrals - these are just a few of the architectural wonders of Europe found in the city of St. Petersburg.
St. Petersburg is too European to be Russian and too Russian to be European.
St.Petersburg is one of the few cities in the world where it is still possible to feel the powerful inspirational forces of a classical 18th century city. Many great Russian poets, writers, composers and artists created their masterpieces in this city. They found inspiration in the atmosphere of its streets, bridges and palaces. Among those are - Tchaikovsky, Mussorgsky, Shostakovich, Karl Brullov, Dostoevsky and many others.